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GraphQL in Blockscout

What is GraphQL

GraphQL is an open-source data query and manipulation language for APIs, and a runtime for fulfilling queries with existing data. It provides an efficient, powerful and flexible approach to developing web APIs. It allows clients to define the structure of the data required, and exactly the same structure of the data is returned from the server, therefore preventing excessively large amounts of data from being returned.
Key concepts of the GraphQL query language are:
  • Hierarchical
  • Strongly typed
  • Client-specified queries
Advantages of GraphQL:
  • Declarative integration on client (what data/operations do I need)
  • A standard way to expose data and operations
  • Support for real-time data (with subscriptions)

Query types

There are three main query types in GraphQL schema:
1) Query: fetch data
query {
allPosts {
description
text
}
}
2) Mutation: change data.
mutation {
updatePost(id: 1, text: "text") {
text
}
}
  1. 1.
    Subscription: subscribe to real-time data.
subscription {
newPost(category: [1]) {
description
text
}
}

Access GraphQL API

To access Blockscout GraphQL interface you can you can use GraphiQL - in-browser IDE for exploring GraphQL. It's built in to Blockscout.
From the APIs dropdown menu choose GraphQL. Depending on the implementation you may also find the link in the page footer.
Access GraphQL from the top menu
You can also use your favorite http client:
curl 'https://blockscout.com/eth/kovan/graphiql'
-H 'Authorization: Bearer YOUR_AUTH_TOKEN'
-d '{"query":""{transaction(hash:\"0x69e3923eef50eada197c3336d546936d0c994211492c9f947a24c02827568f9f\"){blockNumbertoAddressHashfromAddressHashcreatedContractAddressHashvaluestatusnoncehasherrorgasgasPricegasUsedcumulativeGasUsedidindexinputrsv}}""}'

Queries

Blockscout's GraphQL API provides queries and a subscription. You can view them in the GraphQL interface in the Docs menu. Example Queries:
Query
Description
Example
address(hash: AddressHash!): Address
Gets an address by hash
{address(hash: "0x1fddEc96688e0538A316C64dcFd211c491ECf0d8") {hash, contractCode} }
addresses (hashes: [AddressHash!]): [Address]
Gets addresses by hashes
{addresses(hashes: ["0x1fddEc96688e0538A316C64dcFd211c491ECf0d8", "0x3948c17c0f45017064858b8352580267a85a762c"]) {hash, contractCode} }
block(number: Int!): Block
Gets a block by number
{block(number: 1) {parentHash, size, nonce}}
transaction (hash: FullHash!): Transaction
Gets a transaction by hash.
{transaction(hash: "0xc391da8f433b3bea0b3eb45da40fdd194c7a0e07d1b5ad656bf98940f80a6cf6") {input, gasUsed}}
Queries schema can be found by clicking on the Docs tab

Example Query to retrieve transactions for a specific address

{
address(hash: "0x...") {
transactions(first:5) {
edges {
node {
blockNumber
createdContractAddressHash
fromAddressHash
gas
hash
}
}
}
}
}
Note that transactions can accept the following arguments:
  • first
  • after
  • before